Don’t ignore the symptoms of ovarian cancer and cured by early treatments
Today ovarian cancer has become the most common cancer in women and it is difficult to identify the symptoms based on cancer, as the initial symptoms of this cancer are such as simple abdominal pain and pelvic pain. Because of this, it takes a long time to identify it and most of the ovarian cancer causes are identified in the third or fourth stage only. In women, ovaries regulate reproductive function as well as the secretion of hormones, with estrogen and progesterone being the main hormones. In India, the highest number of cancers in women is breast cancer, cervical and ovarian cancer in the third place and it is fifth in the statistics of mortality. Here we discuss about ovarian cancer, its symptoms, and How to prevent ovarian cancer.
What is Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer is also called gynecologic cancer, in which cysts in ovaries begin to form tumors, and these cysts later grow into cancer, causing problems in pregnancy. Females have two ovaries, which are present near the upper part of the uterus and the fallopian tube, where the embryo begins to develop after fertilization. With the changing environment, a disease like cancer is engulfing not only men but also women.
Usually, this cancer is not recognized, because its symptoms are rarely seen in the initial stage, or say that its symptoms come in the usual days of pain or symptoms, but when cancer spreads around the pelvic area and stomach. , It is then confirmed. Therefore, in most cases, it is treated in the third or fourth stage only. When this cancer reaches its advanced Stages of ovarian cancer, then some symptoms such as swelling in the stomach or abdominal distension, loss of appetite while eating, weight loss, pain near the pelvic area, constipation, and frequent urination to urinate. Yes, all these symptoms can be seen in this cancer.
This cancer spreads in four stages:-
- In the first stage, it is limited to both ovaries.
- In the second stage, it spreads to the pelvic area.
- In the third and fourth stages, it spreads to the stomach and the external organs of the stomach.
Ovarian cancer includes the following types:
Epithelial ovarian cancer– It is considered to be the most common type of cancer and 90% of the cancers are in this category.
Stromal tumor– It occurs in ovarian hormone-producing cells and is identified at an early stage. About 7 percent of cancer cases are from stromal tumors.
Germ cell tumor– It is found in egg-producing cells.
Ovarian cancer may take longer to detect symptoms, but treatment is not impossible. Symptoms of ovarian cancer can be identified in only four ways to identify it at the earliest and to make people aware. Along with this, it is better to get medical advice from time to time, not ignoring the symptoms pain of ovarian cancer.
What are the symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?
Flatulence has become common nowadays, due to the changing food and water, this problem is also seen in women. But if your stomach is always bloated, then you need to go to the doctor immediately, do not ignore it because it can be ovarian cancer.
Filling the stomach quickly even when eating less
Many times women eat a little food and say that their stomach is full, although such changing weather and less hunger can be the reason. But it can also be a symptom of ovarian cancer. So, if you feel like eating only a little, you cannot eat anymore and the stomach is full, then do the test.
If you feel pain in the bladder while going to toilets or feel pressure, frequent toilets may be a sign of ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cancer causes
Usually, the root cause of this cancer is not yet known, but there are some factors that work to increase this cancer such as:
If a woman or a family member has breast cancer, then there is an increased risk of ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cancer causes estimated to occur after the 50-60th stage of age.
Periods start early and end late.
Obesity and infertility increase the risk of this cancer.
In addition, women who have taken estrogen hormonal therapy also have an increased risk of ovarian cancer.
Some ways to avoid the risk of ovarian cancer
Breastfeeding reduces the risk of ovarian cancer and fallopian tube cancer. Having children at the right time also reduces the risk of this cancer.
In addition, women who have undergone a hysterectomy or tube ligation also reduce the risk of this cancer. We can also avoid this cancer by adopting a health routine.
Talking about ovarian cancer, a pelvic examination is done by ultrasound, MRI, or CT scan. A blood test also includes cancer antigen 125 rate test (CA- 125), HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin) level test, Inhibin, Estrogen, and testosterone rate test.
Ovarian Cancer Treatments
Gynecologic cancer treatment includes biopsy, chemotherapy, surgery, hormonal therapy, radiotherapy, and targeted therapy. Chemotherapy is used in all stages of this cancer.
This cancer is confirmed by biopsy. In surgery, an ovary is removed to look for the initial signs of cancer. If cancer spreads in one ovary, the woman can become a mother by saving the other ovary.
When cancer spreads to both the ovaries, the doctor also recommends removing the fallopian tubes along with the ovary, but this does not preclude the mother from becoming a mother, as the uterus is not removed. With this, women can become mothers with the help of new technology (frozen egg).
With Gynecologic cancer prevention, if the family is complete and this cancer has reached its final stage, then Uterus is also removed along with the ovary.
In addition, in the late stages of cancer, doctors treat this cancer by surgery as well as chemotherapy. Today there are new medicines available in the late stages of cancer, which allows patients to wish for longer life.